All About Cybersecurity

The concept of cybersecurity implies a set of methods, technologies, and processes designed to protect the integrity of networks, programs, and data from digital attacks. The purpose of cyberattacks is to gain unauthorized access to confidential information, its copying, modification or destruction. They can also serve to extort money from users or disrupt work processes in the company. 

Why Cybersecurity is Important

In the modern world, each organization, be it government structures, financial, commercial, medical and others, collect, process and store huge amounts of personal data of people, users, customers, employees, etc. Basically, all this information is confidential and its leakage, loss, theft can have negative consequences for both the person and the organization.

In particular, organizations that provide the infrastructure of a city, country, and society may be under a cyber attack. These include electricity, water, heat, transportation structures, etc. In one way or another, each system interacts with computers. And the safety of these and other organizations is extremely important for the full functioning and life of society.

Cybersecurity Issues

There are more technical devices than people around the world. Therefore, it is extremely necessary to provide effective measures to protect information technologies. Cybersecurity, like any other security, requires the coordinated actions of the entire information system. It includes the following:

  • Maintaining integrity, accessibility, and confidentiality of data;
  • Program and application security;
  • Penetration testing;
  • Network security;
  • Organization risk management;
  • Mobile security;
  • Access control and management system.

However, the main problem is that time is running out. The technology, nature, and principles of cyberattacks are changing and improving. In this regard, the traditional approach, where the emphasis is on protecting the most important resources from already known threats while missing the less important components, is not effective. Therefore, to monitor and increase the level of security, constant monitoring, analysis and updating of the cybersecurity system is required.

According to Forbes, the global cybersecurity market reached $75 billion in 2015. In 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 it continued to gain momentum and is expected to reach more than $170 billion in 2020. This rapid market growth is driven by many technological innovations and trends, including ever-changing security requirements.

Major Cybersecurity Threats

Security threats form faster than our understanding of possible risks in one or another aspect of the system. Nevertheless, there are a number of well-known threats that are worth remembering to prevent their occurrence.

Cyber ​​threats can take various forms. The main ones are the following:

  • Malicious programs. These are a type of software designed to gain unauthorized access to confidential information or to damage a computer or data.
  • Social engineering. These are the methods that cybercriminals can use to trick a person to obtain confidential information or unauthorized access to an information technology system.
  • Phishing. This is one of the most popular cyber-attack techniques, which consists of deceiving the user by sending fake emails.
  • Ransomware viruses. The main objective of such software is to extort money by encrypting and blocking access to data or a computer system until the ransom is paid. In the case of payment of the ransom, there is no 100{7d857960127df064ff53bc5f8c61f3100f40350c813e5e342f80603881633bc2} guarantee that the data and the system will be restored to its original state.

For a common Internet user, it is worth remembering the threats listed above to be safe on the Internet. 

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